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Monday, February 3, 2020 | History

4 edition of The international encyclopedia of secret societies and fraternal orders found in the catalog.

The international encyclopedia of secret societies and fraternal orders

Alan Axelrod

The international encyclopedia of secret societies and fraternal orders

  • 278 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by Facts on File in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Secret societies -- Encyclopedias

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 272-275) and index.

    StatementAlan Axelrod.
    GenreEncyclopedias
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxv, 287 p. ;
    Number of Pages287
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23244330M
    ISBN 100816038716, 0816023077
    LC Control Number95045819

    The Ku Klux Klan originated as a politcal white supremacy group in Rathbone, a government employee in Washington, D. Saigon asked, quite amused. These secret societies for women have also their rituals, their oathsand their degrees. The Order of the Sons of St. The Eleusinian Mysteries, the secret teachings of Egyptian and Druid hierarchies, the esoteric doctrines of the Magian and Mithraic worshippers furnished material for such secret organizations.

    Top Photo Credit: Getty Images. This group is now known as the Bavarian Illuminati. Educational Loan Fund, P. Many of their titles and rituals were based on Lewis Carroll 's Jabberwocky. Attitude of ecclesiastical authorities The judgment of the Church on secret oath-bound associations has been made abundantly clear by papal documents.

    After the organization denied membership to Nazis, notably military leader Hermann Goering, Hitler dissolved itbut the order reemerged after World War II, and an American chapter was founded in the late s. On 20 Apr. Their initiation involved riding a wooden goat rigged up approximately in the manner of a mechanical bull. In memory of Catherine Gibson.


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The international encyclopedia of secret societies and fraternal orders book

It must not supposed, however, that only societies which fall directly under the formal censure of the Church are prohibited. The Odd Fellows, as they call themselves, are grounded in the ideals of friendship, love and truth.

Masons use signs and handshakes to gain admission to their meetings, as well as to identify themselves to other people who may be Masons. Some, such as the Odin Brotherhoodthe Rosicruciansor the Thelemic societiesexist to maintain, spread, and practice their esoteric or occult knowledge.

The sectaries, indignant at this, thinking to elude or to weaken the force of these decrees, partly by contempt of them and partly by calumnyaccused the Sovereign Pontiffs who had uttered them, either of exceeding the bounds of moderation or of decreeing what was not just.

Instead, the group often formed renegade armies and bands of bushwhackers in order to forward their agenda by force. Members of the secret society the Molly Maguires, an organization with Irish origins brought to the United States by Irish immigrants.

The Eleusinian Mysteries, the secret teachings of Egyptian and Druid hierarchies, the esoteric doctrines of the Magian and Mithraic worshippers furnished material for such secret organizations. The decree of the Holy Office concerning the Odd-Fellows, Sons of Temperance, and Knights of Pythias, though not declaring them to be condemned under censure, says: "The bishops must endeavour by all means to keep the faithful from joining all and each of the three aforesaid societies ; and warn the faithful against them, and if, after proper monition, they still determine to be members of these societiesor do not effectually separate themselves from them, they are to be forbidden the reception of the sacraments.

The Sisterhood is based on friendship and mutual respect.

Fraternal Societies Genealogy Toolkit

Strange behavior hardly begins and ends with the Klan. The society may or may not attempt to conceal its existence. Secret Societies have been around for quite a while. This required the separation of Serbia from the monarchy of Austria-Hungary, which had annexed the country some years before.

How progressive the order actually was is up to interpretation. Wikipedia describes secret societies as clubs or organizations whose activities, events and inner functioning are concealed from non-members.

Beatty, initiation into the Human Leopards of West Africa involved murder, cannibalism, and cutting permanent markings on the body. My email address is webmaster at newadvent. The Hermanos Penitentes were originally a European order which enjoyed self-flagellation.

Other papal utterances on secret societies are: "Ad Apostolici," 15 Oct. The documents are a series of 60 folios containing magic rituals.

According to historian Ronald Hutton, initiation in the Society of the Horseman's Word involves reading the Bible backwards three times over three years, indulging in a mock Eucharist with bread, jam, and whiskeyand--at the climax of the initaition--"shaking the devil's hand.

Spence [3] of the University of Idaho offered a similar three-pronged definition: The group's existence is usually not kept secret, but some beliefs or practices are concealed from the public and require an oath of secrecy to learn.

Secret society

International Peace Scholarship IPS Fund was established in to provide scholarships for international women students to pursue graduate study in the United States and Canada. Women have comparable societies, but theirs have never matched those of men in number.

They celebrated Good Friday each year by crucifying one of the sect's members, though the lucky victim was removed from the cross before dying. The mysteriesor secret rites and doctrines, of the Egyptians, the Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, and other ancient peoples were transmitted solely through secret societies.

By this, they are distinguished from conspiracies and secret plots which are formed to attain a particular object through violent means. The Klan also had its sworn enemies, such as the memorably named Order of Anti-Poke-Noses, which formed to oppose "any organization that attends to everyone's business but their own.

They usually offer various types of mutual aid for their members; there are, for example, special obligations to members who are ill and to the families of deceased members. It emphasizes that it does "not discriminate against any woman based on age, ethnicity, religion or education.Alan Axelrod, author of the International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders, defines a secret society as an organization that.

is exclusive; claims to own special secrets; shows a strong inclination to favor its members. David V. Barrett, author of Secret Societies: From the Ancient and Arcane to the Modern and Clandestine, has used alternative terms to define what. secret society, organization of initiated persons whose members, purposes, and rituals are kept secret.

Human groups throughout history have maintained secret societies. The ceremonies of initiation into such a society typically begin with an oath pledging secrecy as to all proceedings of the society, ascribing special obligations to its members, and assenting to penalties for violation of the.

The P.E.O. Sisterhood (Philanthropic Educational Organization) is a U.S.-based international women's organization of aboutmembers, with a primary focus on providing educational opportunities for female students worldwide.

The Sisterhood is headquartered in Des Moines, Iowa, with chapters throughout the United States and hildebrandsguld.com other projects, it owns and supports Cottey College. Debunking the spurious reputations of some, detailing the authenticity of others, The International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders contains over A-to-Z entries describing the names, natures, and purposes of secret societies throughout history and around the world.

An extensive introduction gives readers a solid overview of the evolution of secret societies from their 5/5(1). The New England Order of Protection was fraternal benefit society serving the New England States based in hildebrandsguld.com was a splinter group of the Knights and Ladies of hildebrandsguld.com group merged with the Woodmen of the World in The Order was founded in and incorporated in Massachusetts.

In the "Supreme Lodge" was headquartered at 52 Chauncy St., Boston. American Orders And Societies And Their Decorations. The Fraternal Societies Legacy QuickGuide. My Ancestor Was a Freemason.

The International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders. A book by Alan Axelrod. The Origins of Freemasonry: Scotland's Century,